Identity card of Catalonia - Catalonia in figures
> GDP: The GDP (Gross Domestic Product) of Catalonia was approximately 235 billion euros in 2020, which represents about 19.2% of Spain's national GDP.
> Population: According to the National Institute of Statistics of Spain, the population of Catalonia was approximately 7.8 million in 2020, which represents approximately 16.5% of the total population of Spain.
> Regime : Catalonia is an autonomous community of Spain, which means that it has some political and administrative autonomy from the Spanish central government. However, it is still an integral part of Spain and is subject to the Spanish constitution.
> Status: Catalonia has a special status as an autonomous community of Spain, with broad political and administrative autonomy in areas such as education, health, culture, language and taxation. However, some demands for greater political autonomy or even independence have been at the center of political and social debate in recent years.
>Administration: Catalonia is administered by the government of the Generalitat de Catalunya, which is the regional government of Catalonia and is responsible for managing the public affairs of the region. It is headed by a president elected by the Catalan parliament.
The largest cities in Catalonia according to their population:
Barcelona: With over 1.6 million inhabitants, Barcelona is the largest city in Catalonia and the second largest city in Spain after Madrid. It is also the capital of Catalonia and a cosmopolitan city known for its architecture, culture and vibrant nightlife.
L'Hospitalet de Llobregat: This city located just outside of Barcelona has a population of approximately 250,000 and is the second most populous city in Catalonia.
Badalona: With a population of approximately 215,000, Badalona is the third largest city in Catalonia and is only 10 kilometers northeast of Barcelona.
Tarragona: Located in the southern part of Catalonia, Tarragona has a population of approximately 135,000 and is famous for its Roman remains and cultural heritage.
Sabadell: This city located about 20 kilometers northwest of Barcelona has about 120,000 inhabitants and is known for its textile industry and rich industrial history.
Terrassa, Lleida, Girona and Reus each have a population of about 100,000 or more.